What Languages Do Full Stack Developers Use?

David Ugale, Author
Written by David Ugale

What is a Full Stack Developer?

Full Stack Developers fill the role of both a front-end and a back-end developer. Their skills and capabilities make them a “jack-of-all-trades” in the web development world. Outside of doing web design, these type of developers can completely build a website from beginning to end.

Essential Front-End Technical Skills

A front-end developer is primarily in charge of building the visible parts of a website, or what might be called the presentation layer. Their primary job is to take a web design and convert it into HTML and CSS while also adding interactive functionality via JavaScript.

The essential front-end skills for a full stack developer include:

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • Knowledge of Design tools, like PhotoShop

Other Front-End Skills

  • HTML5
  • CSS Language Extensions (SASS, LESS)
  • CSS Frameworks (Bootstrap, TailwindCSS)
  • JavaScript Frameworks (Angular, jQuery, React)
  • Creative tools, such as Adobe Premier Pro and XD

Essential Back-End Technical Skills

A back-end developer is responsible for building the behind the scenes functionality that powers the website. They are skilled in using a web programming language and working with databases.

The essential back-end skills for a full stack developer include:

  • A programming language, such as PHP, Python, or Ruby
  • A database language, such as MySQL, Oracle, or SQL

Other Back-End Skills

  • APIs
  • REST
  • Web Frameworks, such as Laravel, CodeIgniter, Django, or Ruby on Rails
  • System Administration (Web Servers, Operating Systems, Database Administration)

Other Stacks

  • LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP)
  • MEAN (MongoDB, Express.js, Angular, NodeJS)

Other Skills

  • Version control (git)
  • Project Management
  • Visual Design, Web Design, User Experience
  • Working with clients and developers
  • Security
  • Best practices
  • SEO, Page Speed Optimization
Originally published June 14th, 2022, updated November 4th, 2022